Today we listen to the story;
Facts vs. Opinions vs. Robots by Michael Rex
Afterwards we will complete a short assignment to make sure we understand the difference. Understanding the difference between facts and opinions is another way we can be great digital citizens. There is so much information online presented as a fact when it is actually just an opinion. And in this book we learn how important it is to listen respectfully to the opinions of others even if we don’t agree with them. This is especially true online when we make comments on each other’s blogs and social media.
As a part of my professional development this year, I had the goal of using Nearpod to create lessons that could reach students that I could not see in person. I wanted to start by creating lessons that would cover essential research skills and then move them on to working on digital citizenship and media literacy. To that end I created four lessons to date that work to engage students and allow them to practice new skills along the way.
The first one that I created was Using Keywords. The goal here was to teach students how internet search works, how to search effectively using concise keywords, and to give students a chance to try it out for themselves. They also learned how generate keywords for much larger search questions. And finally, I present them with many kid-friendly research sources. This workshop can be used from grades 4-8 but is specifically for our 4-6s.
The second lesson I created is called In-Text Citations and Bibliographies and was designed specifically for middle school. Upon entering middle school, citations and bibliographies take on a new level of importance. This lesson explains to students how critical citations and bibliographies are in avoiding plagiarism. It demonstrates through a tutorial how to use the citation and bibliography creation tool in Google Docs and it also allows students the opportunity to practice these skills with built-in assignments.
Digital Citizenship and Media Literacy
This lesson on cyberbullying was designed for our 4-6s. It is a quick lesson on what cyberbullying is and the different forms it takes, how to stop bullies who are bothering you, and how to be an upstander. This lesson is based more on discussion and collaborative boards than assignments.
And finally, the lesson that I am most proud of and the one that is the culmination of years of running my library workshops is my Nearpod lesson on Information Credibility. This covers a broad range of topics and is meant to give students a comprehensive knowledge of different forms of misinformation. It includes several built-in assignments and is a much longer lesson that could cover two periods or more.
It is my hope that these lesson become a valuable resource to our teachers and can be used year after year. It is also my hope that they can be used in other schools to facilitate teaching these key skills. I am looking to solicit feedback from any teacher who uses these lesson with their classes. Please post your feedback in the comments here or send me an email firstname.lastname@example.org
You are going to be starting a project on cities in Ontario.
Let’s start by looking at a non-fiction book and learning how to use them for our research.
What is non-fiction?
Table of Contents?
Now how can we search for information about our city on Google. Let’s open up our internet browsers and find out. We can get very specific with our keywords to find key information for our research project. For example, if we want to answer the question what is the population of Ottawa Ontario, what could my keywords be? What about if my questions is; what are Ottawa’s famous landmarks?
It is really important to remember that we never need to type a long question into Google. All you need are keywords! Keywords help us to find the best possible sites on our topic.
What search engines can we use if we want really kid-friendly information?
https://www.kiddle.co/ – Is by far the best one in my humble opinion.
Now your project involves making a short newscast about your city. Let’s take a minute to look at some great examples of kid-friendly news videos.
Elements of a news report…
- Welcome everyone and introduce yourself.
- Make sure your story contains The 5 Ws!
- Fill your newscast with important and interesting information. Example, lots of key facts, interesting facts.
- You can use video clips and photos as props to help your newscast be more visually interesting.
- Present your ‘story’ with lots of energy and enthusiasm.
- You can include commentary and interviews with others in your presentation. For example, if someone has visited your city, you could include an interview with them where you find out what their favourite tourist destination in that city was, their restaurant recommendations, etc…
- Kid-friendly news sites;
How to Take Great Notes for Our Research Project
You are going to watch a video that takes you step by step through the process of taking notes for research.
Use Your Own Words When You Take Notes
One key thing to remember however, is to never copy word for word from a website or book.
During our first research workshop I use the example of a research project I am doing on tigers. So if this is what the website says:
The short notes on my page might look like this;
-Tigers have an orange coat with dark stripes
-Tigers weigh about 450 pounds
-It has claws as long as house keys
-It is the largest cat in the world
Notice how I didn’t just copy each sentence exactly as it was? When you copy things exactly, that is called PLAGIARISM and it is a no-no. We need to try to avoid copying word for word as much as we can. The only exception is copying down a FACT. Something that is a fact never changes. So if it says a tiger weighs 450 pounds, that is what I need to copy down in my notes. I can’t invent a new number!!
Putting it Together
Once you have a page of notes about your subject, you can start putting your information together in proper sentences and paragraphs without any fear of plagiarism because you wrote little notes in your own words. Here is what some sentences based on my notes would look like. Notice how it looks nothing like the paragraph I found online.
Tigers are the biggest cat in the world weighing in at 450 pounds. They are orange with black stripes. They also have claws as long as house keys.
Have fun researching your projects. I can’t wait to read them!
When you are given a topic (or subject) for a research paper, what’s the first place you look for information? How do you search?
HU if you have an answer!
Even though Google is really good at understanding what you are looking for when you type in or ask a long question, lots of websites you will search are not so good at dealing with a long sentence and too many words. Google and other sites do not need you type a long question in order to get the most specific information for your project. They just match the most important words in your search with the websites that best match those words. So the key to finding the information that will be really specific to what you are looking for is keywords. This is easy to remember, just think THE KEY IS KEYWORDS!
Keywords are the most important words in your search. Here is an example. I am doing a project on Tigers and I need to know how much they weigh. Instead of typing in the question; how much do tigers weigh? I can just type in the keywords.
How much do tigers weigh? — KEYWORDS: Tigers Weight
Here is another example.
How many teeth does an adult tiger have? — KEYWORDS: Tigers teeth
I get my results like magic!!
What if I just want a page of information all about Tigers? I would type in a very easy easy keyword: just TIGERS or TIGER FACTS.
We are all going to open up a new tab next to this meeting and try this out for ourselves using the following questions. Try and figure out how to run your search with just TWO important keywords per question.
Example 1: My dog is digging in the backyard. Why is it doing this?
Example 2: My friend just cheated at chess. What are the rules?
Example 3: Who is the author of the Amulet graphic novel series?
Now sometimes to get the best keywords we need to change a word around. For the next example, does anyone know what the word is for how much money someone makes in a year?
Example 4: How much money does Justin Trudeau make per year?
If your essential question for your research project is a bit longer, you will need extra keywords in your search. Here is an example of an essential question that my daughter came up with for her Genius Hour project. In order to get great results, she will need more than two keywords.
Example 5: How do professional photographers take such great portraits?
Her Keywords: tips for portrait photography OR professional photography tricks for portraits
Remember, sometimes it will take more than one try and sometimes it will take lots of searches with many different keywords to get the best results. The good thing is, you can try as many times as you need to until you find exactly what you are looking for!
Kid-Friendly Search Engines
We want to find information that is written for kids to use, not big long complicated websites that we struggle to understand. That is why there are some really excellent kid-friendly search engines that will get us the best results for our project.
Keeping Track of Your Sources
As you go, keep a list of the websites and books you use. This information could be the last page of your project. That page is called a BIBLIOGRAPHY. It lets your teacher know where you found your information. As you get older you will need to do this in a proper, structured way. But in earlier grades, keeping a simple list of books and websites you use is enough. If the webpage address is very long, it might be hard to type out, which is why we can use copy and paste to copy the URL (the address.)
Here is how you do it;
- Double click on the webpage URL in the address bar.
- Click ‘copy’
- On your bibliography page click ‘paste’
Now you have some basic research skill techniques that will make doing any research project easier!
Grade 1 visited the library on Friday for a workshop on exploring non-fiction. We started off by discussing what some of the differences are between fiction and non-fiction, and grade 1 were already ahead of the game there and understood it quite well. Non-fiction is a book that focuses on real events and real information. It is a book we use to learn about something in most cases.
We moved on to talking about some unique parts found in most non-fiction books…
- The table of contents
- The glossary
- The index
I showed them some examples of how we could utilize these parts of the book.
I gave the students a comprehensive walking tour of the non-fiction section of the library. After that, we played a scavenger hunt game. Students were given a slip of paper with a subject and a Dewey Decimal number on it. They were tasked with using what they had learned to locate it.
We all had a lot of fun and grade 1 may now be even more proficient at searching non-fiction than the rest of the school!
“Hey Siri, what makes a desert habitat unique?”
The answer to a complex question like that isn’t something Siri can answer so easily. The problem is that students are using this Siri driven searching method every time they go online. Typing long or complex questions into Google is a bad habit that needs to be broken in order to get the best search results for student research.
Grade 4 had a full period of practice on Thursday and it is already making a big difference in how they are approaching this task.
We first talked about the importance of being specific with our search terms. Ari and Keira helped our grade 4s to get the idea with their tutorial.
Students were given a worksheet containing several long questions and asked to figure out what would be the most specific keywords to get the best results. It was important for me to continually remind them that they don’t need to type a question in Google to get results.
1. My dog is digging holes in the backyard. Is that because they are looking for bones?
Specific keywords to get a clear answer: dog digging
2. My friend just cheated at chess, what are the rules?
Specific keywords to get a clear answer: chess rules or rules of chess
We then gave students a research question:
Are video games addictive? Can they affect child behaviour?
Students had to come up with all of the possible keywords and keyword combinations (called a query) on a whiteboard that would yield great search results for a paper on the topic.
Some of those were;
video games and addiction
children and video games
child behaviour and video games
video games and emotions
children and addiction and video games
Asking students to practice these skills with a daily in-class question is a great way to give them practice in this more precise way of searching. Through regular practice they will learn how to get meaningful results and this will improve the quality of their work overall.
Over the course of the past two weeks our middle schoolers have been working very hard to learn the following critical research skills;
- Using the right keywords in a Google search to get the best results
- How to effectively take notes
- How to use in-text citation
- How to create a bibliography
Students were asked to practice these skills in the form of a small assignment on the history of the microwave. Some groups came back for a second session and practiced these skills with a series of exercises, and other groups made video tutorials to share with other middle schoolers.
Students are getting a strong grasp of these concepts that they will carry with them for the rest of their lives.
Our grade 3s got a feel for what research is all about on Tuesday. Research is defined by Merriam-Webster as;
Our students were tasked to carefully and diligently search through our book resources for information about the insect of their choice using a Table of Contents and/or an Index page. They took notes in their own words on the insect of their choice and kept track of their sources.
They tracked their information in a special graphic organizer.
We will be continuing to fine-tune these skills with all of their research projects this year and I look forward to seeing this class on a regular basis here in the library.